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Posts from the ‘poetry’ Category


#Ireland: Seamus Heaney


Field Work (1979)

  1. Field Work is the fifth poetry collection
  2. It is a record of Heaney’s four years (1972-1976)
  3. living in rural County Wicklow, Ireland
  4. after leaving the violence in Northern Ireland.
  5. Heaney lived in  Belfast  and was a professor at Queen’s University.
  6. The years  in Ireland were years of retreat
  7. …a quiet time for thinking and renewal.
  1. Field Work is less political.
  2. 50% elegies…a choice to remain on the everyday level.
  3. 50% domestic life…love poems for his wife  and friends.
  4. Style: sketch the living before death and
  5. …do justice to the moment of extinction
  6. Heaney calls it the ‘music of what happens’.
  7. The title Field Work implies  his investigation
  8. …into a culture not one’s own in County Wicklow Ireland.


My Notes:

  1. Oysters: 
  2. starts with images of  shared eating and friendship to anger over being  the colonized (Romans). Strange…I really did not ‘get’ this poem.
  3. A Drink of Water:
  4. sonnet that describes an elderly women who used to collect water from the well each morning, but now she has passed away.
  5. The Strand at Lough Beg:
  6. for Colum McCarthy (cousin shot in a sectarian ambush)
  7. A Postcard from North Antrium:
  8. friend S. Armstrong shot by “a pointblank teatime bulllet”


  1. Casualty:
  2. for  L. O’ Neill  – friend, went out for his usual nightly
  3. drink in a pub  bar and was blown up by a bomb set by his own people.
  4. Note: in Casualtyrevenant meaning someone has come back from the dead to haunt them
  5. The Badgers:  badger is a Heaney animal alter-ego.
  6. The Singer’s House:
  7. is full of imagery…even if one does not know where Carrickfergus is. Heaney uses images to carry his poem to levels where straightforward propaganda could never reach. Much of what goes on in this poem can best be understood as a contrast between life in the North (industry, mining) and life in the South of Ireland,
  8. The Guttural Muse: refers to the noise of young people leaving a discotheque
  9. In Memoriam Sean O’ Riada: Irish composer traditional music
  10. Elegy:
  11. for Robert Lowell (poet) death-moment is represented by “…the wind off the Atlantic”.


  1. Glanmore Sonnets:
  2. Ten poems in the ‘marriage group’ .
  3. An Afterwards:
  4. the poet imagines himself in the ninth circle of hell,
  5. as his widow comes from the upper life to indict him and
  6. all poets saying…“I have closed my widowed ears…”
  7. High Summer: what an image! ….maggots in a paper bag as fish bait (jick)
  8. The Otter: image of his wife (otter) love poem…when they first met
  9. The Skunk: image of his wife (skunk ) love poem..describes married life
  10. The Harvest Bow: looks back to his father using a harvest bow
  11. In Memoriam Francis Ledwidge:
  12. Irish WW I poet/soldier; aka “poet of the blackbirds”
  13. Ugolino:
  14. version of the Ugolino episode in Cantos 32 and 33 of Dante’s “Inferno.”

#Ireland Eavan Boland (poet)



The book is divided into 3 parts representing:

  1. the city Dublin (architecture, women, colony)
  2. the River Liffey (without the river there would be no city)
  3. the suburb Dundrum (treat the mundane life of a woman in
  4. the suburbs with children fairly)
  5. The book ends with a conversation
  6. that took place between Eavan Boland and Paula Meehan
  7. on her 70th birthday at the Abbey Theatre in 2014.



  1. Weak point:
  2. Part 3 – Suburban Dundrum
  3. Eavan Boland tries to capture the sense of
  4. living in the new Ireland….subrubia
  5. but the poems offered few opportunities to reflect.
  6. They did not generate emotional power
  7. …to help me connect to Boland’s words.


  1. Strong point:
  2. Part 1 and 2- The city of Dublin and The River Liffey
  3. There were difficult issues and experiences
  4. told with with a clear-eyed honesty, openess
  5. and much humanity.
  6. There were 3 poems about her mother
  7. (elegy, marriage and her death).
  8. Poems about Boland as a Trinity College
  9. student in Dublin.
  10. Part 2: The Gifts of the River
  11. …all these poems were very good
  12.  emphasizing the feeling of being a colony under
  13. the English….and the palpable joy of the
  14. beauty of the Grand Canal in Dublin or the
  15. carefree summer swimming hole at
  16. Blackrock Baths!


Last thoughts:

  1. This is a lovely way to discover a city.
  2. Not just pages of facts and figures….but feelings
  3. through the author’s poems.
  4. This book marks Eavan Boland’s 70th birthday,
  5. The poet has paired her poems about her native city Dublin
  6. with her own photographs.



My notes:


Once in Dublin

  1. Why did this poem put a smile on my face?
  2. The poem has emotion, idea, physical setting,
  3. language, image, rhythm…that brought back
  4. memories of my visit to Dublin years ago.
  5. In this poem we visit a Dublin of Boand’s past.


The Huguenot Graveyard at the Heart of the City

  1. I learned of the French Protestants
  2. who left Nantes France to settle in Dublin 1600s.
  3. This hidden cemetery is a place of shadow
  4. and remembrance.
  5. Nostalgic poem…that sparked my interest because
  6. some of the names on the cemetery plaque were familiar!
  7. Le Fanu:
  8. Joseph Thomas Sheridan Le Fanu
  9. was an Irish writer of Gothic tales and mystery novels.
  10. He was the leading ghost-story writer of the nineteenth century
  11. Another name….Becquett
  12. This was a relative of Samuel Beckett.
  13. Now that explains why Beckett felt at home in France.


The Doll’s Museum in Dublin

  1. This poem can be read in multiple ways by
  2. different audiences.
  3. The poem highlights Easter Day in Ireland.
  4. While there seems to be a gleeful mood in the air
  5. …the poem ends on a note that implies there is an
  6. underlying sadness:
  7. Easter Uprising 1916.


Heroic (Sonnet)

  1. As you walk through a city like Dublin your eyes gaze on
  2. bonze orators and granite patriots.
  3. Arms wide. Lips apart
  4. Eavan Boland is in her late teens, a student
  5. having recently returned to Dublin.
  6. She senses the powerful threat of heroism in the city during
  7. the turbulent years of The Troubles.
  8. Also she feels the growing awareness of the
  9. troubled role of women in Irish history and culture.
  10. There is no statue as she describes in the poem in Dublin
  11. (man with a gun) but was inspired by the statue
  12. of Robert Emmet (1778-1803) in St. Stephen’s Green.
  13. Irish nationalist and Republican, orator and rebel leader.
  14. He led an abortive rebellion against British rule in
  15. 1803 and was captured, tried and executed for high treason
  16. In this sonnet Boland imagines
  17. stone maleness – Irish history – heroism.
  18. She would you look at the statues of the Irish past
  19. and try to imagine heroism.
  20. Could she be heroic?


Anna Liffey

  1. This is an example of an Irish pastoral poem
  2. It s about the River Liffey in Dublin.
  3. and one of the few rivers in the world that
  4. is considered ‘female’.
  5. The Irish phrase Abhainn na Life means River Liffey
  6. The phrase has been Anglicanized to Anna Liffey.
  7. James Joyce included a character in Finnegin’s Wake
  8. called Anna Livia.
  9. Eavan Boland holds a conversation in a fragmented style
  10. with the river she can see from her doorway at home.

#Classic: Beowulf



  1. Plot:  Beowulf  relates the adventures of its Scandinavian hero,
  2. at the same time presenting a detailed description of
  3. the life and mood of the age during which it was written.
  4. Epic in a nutshell:
  5. Monster kills human – Grendel kills Danes in Herot
  6. Human kills monster – Beowulf kills Grendel
  7. Monster kills human – Grendel’s mother kills Esher
  8. Human kills monster – Beowulf kills Grendel’s mother
  9. Human and Monster  – kill each other
  10. Motif: quest for personal glory
  11. Major Theme: Good vs Evil…slaying of monsters and dragon
  12. Minor theme: Beowulf’s friendships… with King Hrothgar and Wiglaf (warrior)
  13. Question: Why so swords have names? Heruntling, Nagling



  1. I found the translation
  2. …by Seamus Heaney breathtaking!
  3. Strong point: crystalline alliteration!
  4. line 209:
  5. “…the warrior boarded the boat as captain,
  6. a canny pilot along coast and currents.
  7. Strong point: Heaney taps into his vivid vocabulary
  8. …and his writing  is designed to draw the reader
  9. effortlessly from page to page through
  10. …this Medieval classic epic poem!
  11. I was not prepared for such an enjoyable read!
  12. But I must advise any reader to gather the
  13. basic story lines by reading a summary (wikipedia)
  14. before reading the poem.
  15. IMO..the story is simple and  not the best
  16. part of the poem.
  17. It is Heaney’s choice of words ...his translation
  18. …that brings Beowulf  life!


Last thoughts:

  1. If you are interested in studying Medieval Literature
  2. …Beowulf is a #MustRead
  3. If not…it STILL is a must read!.
  4. Tip: there is a great family tree illustration in this book!
  5. You can’t read this poem without it!
  6. In the film Annie Hall, Diane Keaton confesses to Woody Allen
  7. her interest in attending some college classes.
  8. Allen is supportive, and has this bit of advice:
  9. “Just don’t take any course where you have to read Beowulf.
  10. I had to laugh when I read that!
  11. I don’t agree with Woody Allen…..
  12. #Classic  for all to enjoy!

#Poetry Blood Lyrics by Katie Ford (2nd poem)


What is part one about?

  • The first of the book’s three parts, grapples
  • …with motherhood and her sick child.


My readings:    I read the poem at least 6 x!

  1. Poem is just a jumble of uneven lines…I read it quickly during a coffee break
  2. I write the poem in my notebook and mark the punctuation with a red pen.
  3. Then I divide the poem in full-stop sentences which makes it easier to memorize.
  4. POV: who is talking to whom?
  5. Notice the pronouns and does the poet speak directly to the reader?
  6. I write down all the nouns
  7. ….(w/without adjectives) to get a sense of the tone.
  8. Next make a list of the images Ford uses:
  9. unbreathing scripture is her new born….
  10. lantern-glow is her prayer…
  11. 700 dimes equal to the weigh of the per-mature baby….
  12. lightning… is death that can strike in the hall of mothers.


Opening shot the first  sentence (4 lines of poem) ‘Of a Child Early Born”

  1. For the child is born an unbreathing scripture
  2. And the broken authors wait on one gurney together.”
  3. Ford uses these words an an invitation
  4. …just like the opening shot of a movie.
  5. …a passage into a deeper experience.
  6. Deep feeling lies at the heart of most good poems.
  7. Powerful.


Last thoughts:

  1. Emily Dickinson:
  2. ” If I read a book and it makes my whole body so cold
  3. …no fire can ever warm me, I know that is poetry.”
  4. Katie Ford’s poem kept me awake at night.
  5. I tried to memorize this poem
  6. …. and my brain would just
  7. …not accept I was ‘missing a piece’.
  8. Result look at IPAD Kindle at 0345 am!
  9. #NowThatIsPoetry !!
  10. A Child is Born Early….harrowingly intimate and earnest.
  11. I cannot review all 40 poems
  12. …but I hope I’ve given you
  13. a look at this impressive collection.
  14. I’ve memorized the 1st and 2nd poems. and
  15. Each time I recite Ford’s poems  to myself….
  16. …as I pour myself a cup of coffee
  17. I stop…put the coffee creamer down and I’m
  18. …speechless.
  19. Katie Ford is a great poet!

#Poetry: Katie Ford

  • Author:  Katie Ford
  • Title: Blood Lyrics (collection of 40 poems)
  • Published: 2014
  • Poem: The Spell
  • Trivia: Blood Lyrics was a finalist for
  • …the LA Times Book Prize and the Rilke Prize.



  1. It will take me several weeks to read and understand
  2. 40 poems…so I’m posting one at a time.
  3. My goal is to read the poems and do some
  4. investigation about the ‘nuts and bolts’ of poetry.
  5. This poem taught me about enjambment.


Who is Katie Ford?

  1. Katie Ford has completed graduate work
  2. …in theology and poetry at Harvard University
  3. She received her M.F.A. from the Iowa Writers’ Workshop.
  4. Her poems have appeared in The New Yorker, Poetry, The Paris Review,
  5. …The American Poetry Review.
  6. She teaches at the University of California, Riverside.


Title:  The Spell

  1. A spell is a wish or desire. In this poem the
  2. …speaker (?) pleas to a nameless receiver for a change of action.
  3. Form and Structure: 
  4. Free verse with no specific rhyme or meter,  15 line in 1 stanza.
  5. Ford uses enjambment (line 1,5, 6, 7) to emphasize
  6. …a thought on the next line and
  7. …keeping a pleasing form that will appeal to the reader.
  8. Repetition (anaphora):
  9. Ford uses the word ‘take’ 5 times:
  10. ….to take my..lights, opal, call of bells, thin lead, all that is nimble, take their cotton.
  11. Symbol:  In line 13 “threshing floor” could  represent a
  12. place of (Biblical) judgement or
  13. a place where good is separated from the evil (grain/chaff).
  14. This is just my interpretation.



  1. This  poem is a ‘list-with-a-twist’
  2. The speaker lists all the things we can take
  3. but…in the last line…
  4. …Ford tells us what one must NOT take!
  5. The unexpected or surprised shift in meaning
  6. causes the reader to reinterpret or
  7. rethink the opening part of the poem.
  8. Puzzle: Ford uses possessive pronouns:
  9. ‘My” is obvious referring to the speaker but
  10. Ford suddenly refers to “take their cotton, reap their fields,” (line 10)
  11. “…my industry, it is yours.” (line 11).
  12. I haven’t a clue as to who “they or you’ are!
  13. First line:  ” Take my lights, take my most and only (enjambment)
  14.                     opal”
  15. Last line:   “but do not take (…no spoiler).


Last thoughts:

  1. I enjoyed the poem and learning some basics about poetry.
  2. I learned the definition and purpose of enjambment.
  3. The most difficult part is ‘finding’ the enjambment!
  4. TIp: always ask yourself at the end of the line
  5. …have I understood the whole thought in this line?
  6. If not…the thought is probbly in the next line using ‘enjambment.
  7. The poet breaks the line to emphasize an idea or theme.
  8. Strategy: In order to get a feel for the poem I’m reading
  9. …I’m writing it in long-hand in a notebook.
  10. Reading a poem digitally just does not work for me.
  11. This way I can make notes about punctuation, enjambment
  12. meter, rhyme and high-light words or images I want to investigate.



#Poetry Seamus Heaney on P. Kavanagh



  1. I had never heard of Patrick Kavanagh.
  2. He is the most important Irish poet between
  3. ….the death of W.B. Yeats and
  4. ….the rise of Seamus Heaney (review)
  5. I read when the Irish Times compiled a
  6. list of favorite Irish poems in 2000
  7. 10  of Kavanagh’s poems were in the top 50.
  8. I wanted to know why Kavanagh is so popular.
  9. His Wikipedia page…..gave me the basics
  10. He struggled in life and literature.
  11. An essay about Kavanagh by Seamus Heaney
  12. …is a good place to start my investigation!


Who was Patrick Kavanagh? (1904–1967)  .

  1. He was born in County Monaghan
  2. …the son of a small farmer.
  3. He left school at 13  to work the land.
  4. He continued to educate himself, reading and writing poetry.
  5. In 1939 he moved to Dublin and became a freelance writer.

EssayFrom Monaghan to the Grand Canal ( Dublin)


  1. Seamus Heaney portraits Patrick Kavanagh as a man
  2. who was not compensated enough for what he created.
  3. The first lines of the essay are a direct quote by Kavanagh:
  4. “I has never been much considered by the English critics’.
  5. Heaney admits the overall impression after reading Kavanagh’s
  6. Collected Poems is a man who knows he can do the real thing
  7. …but much of the time he is straining and failing.


Strong point:   analysis of 3 poems:

  1. Heaney analyses the poem Inniskeen Road: July Evening.
  2. It is a love poem to a place written towards the end of the affair.
  3. Inniskeen is the poet’s birthplace and home for more than 30 years.
  4. Theme: Solitude: solitude of the ROAD and solitude of the POET.
  5. Heaney also explains one of Kavanagh’s complex poems:
  6. Bluebells For Love
  7. Kavanagh’s most celebrated poem is The Great Hunger.
  8. It was published in 1942 and is elegy
  9. a rage against the dying light of a country farmyard.
  10. Tone: tragic about small-farm misery
  11. but with a tinge of a comically serious conversation.


Weak point:

  1. I missed a clear structure in this essay.
  2. Heaney is a man whose every word should be appreciated
  3. but I felt I was skipping from poem
  4. …to personal background
  5. then to anecdotes about past poets (Brian Merriaman (1747-1805);
  6. William Carleton (1794-1869); Austin Clarke (1896-1974).
  7. Suddenly  I was in Kavanagh’s autobiography The Green Fool.
  8. Perhaps Heaney could have reduced the scope
  9. ..of his essay to just a few
  10. of Kavanagh’s poems…..and leave it at that.


Strong point:

  1. I did learn what I was looking for….
  2. Why was Kavanagh so popular?
  3. Heaney explains that the
  4. …Kavanagh expresses a hard buried life that goes
  5. beyond the feel of the middle-class novelist or poet.
  6. Kavanagh’s  best work rises up
  7. to the surface under internal pressure.
  8. You could compare it to a artesian well.
  9. The pressure from the confining layers inside Kavanagh
  10. forces the words and emotions upward into his poems.
  11. Wordsworth  believed that
  12. …the poem is the record of a great emotion,
  13. later recollected in tranquility.


Last thoughts:

  1. After reading Inniskeen Road: July Evening and especially
  2. Bluebells For Love and The Bluebells have Withered
  3. …I can say the poems produced
  4. discoveries, connections and glimmers of expression
  5. …that I just loved.
  6. Probably that is what readers like about Kavanagh’s writing.

#Poetry S. McCrae Finalist 2017 National Book



  1. McCrae speaks through the voices of
  2. black man in a hman zoo (inspiration: Ota Benga)
  3. black American actor (inspiration: Stepin Fetchit)
  4. black ward of Jefferson Davis Jim Limber
  5. ….and some  autobiographical prose poems
  6.   giving a fleeting glance into the poet’s childhood.
  7. I found the poems of Jim Limber were so touching
  8. giving me a look at the other side of Jefferson Davis
  9. President of the Confederacy
  10. …as Daddy Jeff.



  1. I listened to a podcast
  2. ….an interview with Shane McCrae.
  3. Suddenly a light went on in my head.
  4. The poems in the voice of Jim Limber should be
  5. held against the backdrop of the poet’s own life!
  6. Jim Limber  was the black ward of Jefferson Davis,
  7. President of the Confederate States of America.
  8. Shane McCrae was raised by his white grandparents.
  9. Both Jim and Shane were living with a white supremacist.
  10. Just keep that thought in mind as you read the Jim Limber poems.



  1. When is a sonnet a sonnet?
  2. If you look at the Jim Limber poems…
  3. you would not recognize them as sonnets
  4. …but they are.
  5. They are not in the standard form
  6. ..but there are
  7. Spencerian, Italian and Shakespearean sonnets.
  8. I’m still trying to figure out the meter and rhyme!
  9. The poem in which Jefferson Davis speaks is a dream.
  10. McCrae did not want Davis in the present
  11. …only in emotions passing through his mind.



  1. The deepest feelings are the hardest to define.
  2. McCrea uses the voices of others:
  3. Jim Limber (black boy ward of Jefferson Davis)
  4. Ota Benga (Congo pygmy)  featured in an anthropology exhibit
  5. Stepin Fetchit (America’s first black movie star)
  6. to expose racism.
  7. In several poems there is an
  8. …exactness that is palpable.
  9. Here are a few lines about:


White folks:

  1. …’cause how they own you is they own your options
  2. …I waste my mind trying to read white folks’ minds
  3. they name you for a thing your hunger made you do (Hambone Jones)
  4. …I (Jim) look at Joe (step brother)
  5. he got daddy Jeff’s face, My daddy’s white
  6.    so I don’t get his face.


Last thoughts:

  1. Here is a podcast so you can
  2. meet this young American poet
  3. …and listen to a very good discussion
  4. …about McCrae’s life and his work.
  5. McCrae is bi-racial (white mother and black father)
  6. He was raised by his white supremacist grandparents.
  7. He dropped out of high school but earned a GED certificate.
  8. (General Educational Development)
  9. He attended Linfield College in Oregon and went on to
  10. earn a law degree at Harvard.
  11. This poet has a lot to tells us….have a listen.



#Classic Satires Horace

Horace, Virgil en Varius   by Charles François Jalabert




  1. Hoace’s satires
  2. These are very short poems….easy on the eye
  3. …and they enrich the mind!



  1. Horace was a Roman poet of the 1st C B.C.
  2. Caesar Augustus knew with only a powerful army he
  3. …could not hold power.
  4. He needed  poets to
  5. ….win the ‘hearts and minds’ of the people.
  6. Like Virgil, Horace proclaims the glory of Caesar Augustus.



  1. Horace was also a straight talking man
  2. …trying to teach some life lessons:


  • keep your head down
  • don’t think the grass is greener on the other side
  • avoid stress
  • the advantages of a frugal life and plain living (Satire 2.2)
  • don’t dabble in politics…and become a prisoner of  ambition
  • nothing compares with the pleasure of friendship
  • it makes no difference what kind of parent you had
  • ….if only you are a gentleman (Horace was a freedman’s (slave) son)
  • … when an annoying person won’t leave despite hints! (Satire 1.9…funny!)
  • Horace writes many…stories about eating an drinking!
  • Moral? only way to a man’s heart is thru his stomach!


  1. Horace  was articulate and discrete.
  2. His strong point was knowing when ‘to shut up’!
  3. Satires I (pg 3-32)  Satires II (pg 33-63)
  4. are filled with fables, anecdotes and some dicey moments.


What is Horatian satire?

  1. Satire uses humor, exaggeration,
  2. ridicule and criticism to create change in others.
  3. Horatian satire is less harsh and takes a
  4. comical view at human injustices.
  5. Horatian satire is not negative.
  6. Pride and Prejudice is an example
  7. …of a novel showing Horatian satire.
  8. Jane Austen makes fun of
  9. various characters in the story.
  10. Some characters are simply
  11. …interested in the marriage
  12. …but not the relationship.
  13. Here are a few notes….


Satire 1.1 –  Lesson learned: No man lives satisfied with his own

  1. What is the point piling ($$)  up more than you need?
  2. If you get sick…is there someone who will care for you?
  3. No one wishes for your recovery
  4. …they’re waiting for your fortune!
  5. So let’s put an end to the race of money.
  6. Greed makes no one satisfied.
  7. Lead a happy live and…when his time is up
  8. quit life like …..a guest who has dined well.


Satire 1.2  – Horace wagging finger:  avoid vices…especially women!

  1. Keep your hands off married women
  2. they are  more misery than any real satisfaction
  3. Don’t damage you reputation.


Satire 1.3 – A wise man…. does not criticize faults of others…no one is free from faults!

  1. Description of Sardinian Tigellius singer and friend of Julius Caesar  faults.
  2. Description of a lover blind to his girlfriend’s unattractive defects.
  3. Moral: beam in one’s eye – ne should not criticize the faults of someone else before correcting the faults within oneself.
  4. “…examine your own faults with eyes covered in ointment
  5. …in the case of friends’ faults your eyesight (is) sharper than an eagle’s…”
  6. Moral: when dealing with a friend do not show disgust of his defects …this is tactless.
  7. Turn defects upside down: penny-pinching?…no just careful with money!
  8. This attitude binds friends together and keeps their friendship.


Favorite quote:

  1. “If I am telling lies may my head
  2. …be spattered with white crow’s droppings…” (Satire 1.8)
  3. #Jick



  1. This was a quick read …3 hrs.
  2. Horace gives us many wise lessons
  3. …be it at times very wordy and misogynistic!
  4. Core message:
  5. live life with integrity
  6. live life free from guilt
  7. have the love of friends.
  8. #MustRead Classic



#AWW2018 Alicia Sometimes (poet)



  1. This artist’s impression video shows how two tiny but very dense
  2. neutron stars merge via gravitational wave
  3. radiation and then explode as a kilonova.
  4. At its most basic, the gravitational wave discovery
  5. confirmed the existence of black holes, which is no mean feat.
  6. Thankfully, we have art – and poetry – to help us visualize
  7. ….what the discovery of gravitational waves will mean.
  8. Click HERE to watch the video ……and read the poem.
  9. You will be amazed how beautifully Alicia Sometimes
  10. …has explored the  connection between
  11. …science & poetry & visual art.



We are detectives
We eavesdrop

Billions of years ago
two neutron stars

circle each other
desperate and breathless

finishing their last
pressing conversation

Remnants of once intense lives
cascade into a final spiral
until they embrace

smashing platinum
and gold into existence

a violent coalescence
outshining at least 100 billion suns

their collided mass
propagating gravitational waves
across the fabric of space
at light speed

gamma rays detected
only a moment after

We were watching
We were listening

We saw them encompass
each other completely

with their final words
rippling right through us


Last thoughts:

You can enjoy this poem on many levels:

Video:  click HERE


  1. POV: first person plural, personal experiences
  2. We = scientists
  3. They = two neutron stars
  4. Personification:  two star-crossed lovers
  5. breathless
  6. having conversation
  7. they embrace
  8. with their final words…
  9. Form: Line length, stanza breaks, white space
  10. mirror the emotion annd rhythm of its content.
  11. Title: Kilonova – a star that suddenly becomes thousands of times brighter
  12. Vocabulary: the poet uses words found in scientific articles


Scientific back round:

What is the science used in this poem? –  gravitational waves

  1.  Astronomers detected particles being accelerated by a
  2. rapidly rotating neutron star as it passed by the massive star it orbits.


  1. Source of a gravitational wave, created by
  2. merger of two neutron stars observed for the first time.
  3. This merger created a kilonova that ejects
  4. heavy elements such as gold and platinum into space.



  1. First detection of a collision of two neutron stars
  2. This produced a gravitational wave and a a short gamma-ray burst.
  3. The ripples in spacetime are known as gravitational waves.
  4. Several teams of scientists have  managed to get
  5. the first observational proof for a kilonova.
  6. Of the 100 billion stars in our galaxy,
  7. less than 10 are known to be  this type of
  8. …massive star with a neutron star orbiting around it.


Alicia Sometimes


#Poetry Pulitzer Prize 2013 Sharon Olds



Sharon Olds – poet

  1. She won Pulitzer Prize poetry 2013
  2. She Won  T. S. Eliot Prize for Poetry 2012 which what is considered
  3. to be one of the world’s most important poetry awards.
  4. Her prize winning collection was Stag’s Leap.



  1. When her husband of 30 years left her for another woman,
  2. Sharon Olds wrote poems as a way of coping with the heartbreak.
  3. Mother-of-two Sharon Olds, 70, split with her husband when she was 55.
  4. Miss Olds promised her children she would not publish
  5. …anything about the divorce for 10 years afterwards.
  6. She finally unveiled the collection, entitled Stag’s Leap
  7. after the former couple’s favourite wine – 15 years later.



My thoughts:

  1. I’ve  discovered several literary reviews.
  2. …that offer me some great reading opportunities.
  3. The Sewanee Review is one one them.
  4. It is an American literary journal established in 1892.
  5. It is the oldest continuously published quarterly in the United States.
  6. It publishes original fiction and poetry, essays, reviews, and literary criticism.
  7. This morning I read Sharon’s poem To Our Miscarried One, Age Fifty Now.
  8. Having been the long awaited baby after several miscarriages
  9. …I can only imagine what my mother was enduring
  10. …that she never expressed.
  11. Sharon Olds expresses the heartbreak.
  12. If you are not a regular reader of poetry
  13. …I hope this poem will convince you to read poems.
  14. They are the heart….speaking.


To Our Miscarried One, Age Fifty Now

Sharon Olds

Fall 2018

Every twenty years, I turn
and address you, not knowing who you were
or what you were. You had been three months
in utero, when our friend came to visit
with her virus which I caught and you died—or it may be
your inviableness had been conceived with you—
you might have been, all along, going to
last fourteen weeks, though I had felt,
as we lay on the living-room floor, the couch
pushed in front of the door at the pure gold
hour at the core of your big sister’s
nap, that you had taken deep.
I kept my feet up on the couch an hour—there was a
recipe, for a boy, then:
abstain until the egg emerges, then
send the long-tailed whippersnapper, the
boy-making sperm, in, to get there
before the girls, who are slow but if they
get there early can wait. The boy
we conceived a month after you died
made, years later,
an ink X
on a cushion of that sofa, as if to declare
war on sisters and mothers, the oppressors
of the male. Hello, male, or female,
or both, or neither. Hi mystery,
hi matter, hi spirit moving through matter.
Twenty years ago, when your father
left me, I wanted to hold hands with you,
my friend in death, the dead one
I knew best—and not at all—
who had deserted this life or been driven from it,
I your garden, oasis, desert.
And I’d never laid down a stone for you,
you seemed like a byway on the path from your sister
to your brother. What was half-formed
in you, what was partial—how close I could have
felt to you if I had known what a hidden
story I still was to myself. Dear one,
I feel as if now you are my elder, having died—
though without having breathed—so much earlier than I.
By the time I saw you, you were in the water
already, the sacred toilet-water green
of your grave. Let me call you kin, lost one,
let me call you landsman.