#Classic Satires Horace
Horace, Virgil en Varius by Charles François Jalabert
- Author: Horace
- Title: Satires I and Satires II (collection of 18 satirical poems)
- Published: 35 BC (60 pg)
- Reading time: 3 hrs
- List Reading Challenges 2018
- Monthly planning
- Classic Club Master list
- Hoace’s satires…
- These are very short poems….easy on the eye
- …and they enrich the mind!
- Horace was a Roman poet of the 1st C B.C.
- Caesar Augustus knew with only a powerful army he
- …could not hold power.
- He needed poets to
- ….win the ‘hearts and minds’ of the people.
- Like Virgil, Horace proclaims the glory of Caesar Augustus.
- Horace was also a straight talking man
- …trying to teach some life lessons:
- keep your head down
- don’t think the grass is greener on the other side
- avoid stress
- the advantages of a frugal life and plain living (Satire 2.2)
- don’t dabble in politics…and become a prisoner of ambition
- nothing compares with the pleasure of friendship
- it makes no difference what kind of parent you had
- ….if only you are a gentleman (Horace was a freedman’s (slave) son)
- … when an annoying person won’t leave despite hints! (Satire 1.9…funny!)
- Horace writes many…stories about eating an drinking!
- Moral? only way to a man’s heart is thru his stomach!
- Horace was articulate and discrete.
- His strong point was knowing when ‘to shut up’!
- Satires I (pg 3-32) Satires II (pg 33-63)
- are filled with fables, anecdotes and some dicey moments.
What is Horatian satire?
- Satire uses humor, exaggeration,
- ridicule and criticism to create change in others.
- Horatian satire is less harsh and takes a
- comical view at human injustices.
- Horatian satire is not negative.
- Pride and Prejudice is an example
- …of a novel showing Horatian satire.
- Jane Austen makes fun of
- various characters in the story.
- Some characters are simply
- …interested in the marriage
- …but not the relationship.
- Here are a few notes….
Satire 1.1 – Lesson learned: No man lives satisfied with his own
- What is the point piling ($$) up more than you need?
- If you get sick…is there someone who will care for you?
- No one wishes for your recovery
- …they’re waiting for your fortune!
- So let’s put an end to the race of money.
- Greed makes no one satisfied.
- Lead a happy live and…when his time is up
- quit life like …..a guest who has dined well.
Satire 1.2 – Horace wagging finger: avoid vices…especially women!
- Keep your hands off married women
- they are more misery than any real satisfaction
- Don’t damage you reputation.
Satire 1.3 – A wise man…. does not criticize faults of others…no one is free from faults!
- Description of Sardinian Tigellius singer and friend of Julius Caesar faults.
- Description of a lover blind to his girlfriend’s unattractive defects.
- Moral: beam in one’s eye – ne should not criticize the faults of someone else before correcting the faults within oneself.
- “…examine your own faults with eyes covered in ointment
- …in the case of friends’ faults your eyesight (is) sharper than an eagle’s…”
- Moral: when dealing with a friend do not show disgust of his defects …this is tactless.
- Turn defects upside down: penny-pinching?…no just careful with money!
- This attitude binds friends together and keeps their friendship.
- “If I am telling lies may my head
- …be spattered with white crow’s droppings…” (Satire 1.8)
- This was a quick read …3 hrs.
- Horace gives us many wise lessons
- …be it at times very wordy and misogynistic!
- Core message:
- live life with integrity
- live life free from guilt
- have the love of friends.
- #MustRead Classic